CART

Glossary


 
A

Acetic Acid [Apple Cider Vinegar]

Derived from the fermentation process of apples, acetic acid is an organic compound that corrects the hair's pH back to virgin state. When hair fibre’s pH is altered, it becomes damaged; the cuticle becomes raised, making hair strands snag on one another. Hair will also look matte, dull and lacklustre. This can be corrected by simply reversing the pH to make the surface smooth, ultra glossy and shiny.

Acetic Acid [Apple Cider Vinegar]

Adansonia Digitata [Baobab] Seed Oil

Derived from cold pressing the seed of the baobab tree, baobab oil is highly nourishing and soothing and excellent for treating psoriasis and eczema due to its high omega 3, 6, and 9 content. Lipid rich, it contains vitamins A, D, and F, which are critical for the rejuvenation and renewal of cell membranes. Its high levels of vitamin E give it superior antioxidant qualities to help fight ageing.

Alcohol Denat

Alcohol Denat.

Aloe Barbadensis [Aloe Vera] Leaf Juice

The ability of succulents like Aloe vera to survive harsh environments is due to their incredible capacity to hold moisture. They are also highly anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antibacterial. All these factors make succulents excellent in skincare formulations. Scientists have discovered over 200 nutritional substances in the Aloe vera leaf, including 20 minerals, 20 amino acids, 12 vitamins, and active enzymes. They possess exceptional hydrating and skin healing properties and are highly anti-inflammatory and soothing.

Aloe Barbadensis [Aloe Vera] Leaf Juice

Alpha-Glucan & Glucosyl Ceramide

This ingredient combination is derived from the rice of the Hokkaido region in Japan. Ceramides are the main components of intercellular lipids that fill gaps in the outermost layer of the skin. They play an extremely important role in maintaining the skin’s barrier function and help to retain moisture. As we age, our ceramide production declines. The outer layer of the skin also experiences a reduction in ceramide during winter months and in the skin of dermatitis and eczema sufferers.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acid

Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) helps to clear follicles from the excessive build up of dead cells, allowing more room for thicker hair growth. In addition, it maintains the natural pH of the hair and scalp, ensuring that hair proteins are kept hard and more resistant to breakage. Enjoy healthier hair with the use of Sans [ceuticals] Balancing Hair Wash, high in alpha-hydroxy acid.

AQUAXYL™ - Xylitylglucoside & Anhydroxylitol & Xylitol

AQUAXYL™ is a patented, innovative combination of two natural plant sugars that boosts hydration and strengthens the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores hair moisture at the heart of the cuticle.

Argania Spinosa [Argan] Oil

Derived from the kernels of the argan tree, this oil contains high levels of antioxidants, vitamins A and E, and is rich in omega 3 and omega 6, giving it potent antioxidant qualities while hydrating and healing skin.


 
B

Bambusa Arundinacea [Bamboo] Stem Powder

A highly sustainable ingredient derived from the stems of the bamboo plant and rich in minerals and silica. This finely milled powder acts as a gentle exfoliant without causing inflammation often associated with harsh scrubs.

Bambusa Arundinacea [Bamboo] Stem Powder

Behentrimonium Methosulfate

Derived from non-GMO rapeseed oil, behentrimonium methosulfate is one of the mildest hair-detangling ingredients available today. This scientifically sophisticated ingredient is renowned for its superior detangling ability without causing build-up on the hair. Unlike other hair detanglers, which are known for their irritancy, behentrimonium methosulfate is extremely mild and recommended for use in baby products which are left on the skin. It is not part of the sulfate family.

Betaine

Derived from sugar beets, Betaine is a naturally occurring amino acid compound found in numerous food sources. A known promoter of cellular ATP—the energy-carrying molecule found in the cells of all living things—that has been shown to strengthen hair fibre. The complex is further enhanced by protein-stabilised superoxide dismutase (BiocellT SOD), an ingredient proven to protect hair colour from solar damage.


 
C

Calendula Officinalis [Calendula] Oil

Extracted from infusing marigold flowers with cold pressed oils. Calendula stimulates the formation of new tissue, has anti-inflammatory and healing properties, and is highly soothing.

Calendula Officinalis [Calendula] Oil

Carica Papaya [Papaya] Seed Oil

Extracted from the papaya seed, papaya oil contains papain, a proteolytic enzyme that is a gentle alternative in the removal of dead skin cells. It is also highly anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory.

Carica Papaya [Papaya] Seed Oil

Cera Alba [Beeswax]

When applied to the skin, beeswax forms a protective barrier that helps protect it from environmental assaults, while also locking in moisture and reducing dryness.

Cera Alba [Beeswax]

Ceramides

A highly rich complex extracted from the sunflower plant, containing ceramides (glycosphingolipids & phospholipids) that protects hair from thermal/hot tool damage. Repairs and restructures the hair fibre by forming a protective layer and improving the cohesion of cuticle scales. Prevents hair colour from fading. Studies show it can strengthen hair by up to 16%.

Ceramides are naturally occurring lipids (or fatty materials) that are found in the hair and skin. They naturally exist within the hair fibre, sandwiched in a region between the cuticle and cortex called the cell membrane complex (CMC ). In short, ceramides help keep our hair from falling apart. Ceramides are also believed to play a key role in the hair’s transition from 'live cells' within the follicle and beneath the skin’s surface to the dead, keratinised hair shafts that we see.

Ceramides are the 'glue' of our hair. Without them, our cuticle layers would unhinge and simply fall off. As we subject our hair to chemical, hot tool and environmental damage, it is depleted of ceramides and becomes brittle, dry and difficult to manage. Ceramides are needed as part of any basic moisture and protein conditioning plan to restore the hair’s health. Hydrate your hair with a powerful dose of ceramides through daily use of Sans [ceuticals] Nourishing Hair Wash.

Ceramides perform a 'barrier function' and help reduce the hair’s overall porosity. Ceramides bind to the hair fibre in damaged, vulnerable areas to help prevent the natural moisture and protein loss that occurs through chemical, hot tool and environmental damage. Natural ceramides keep the hair fibre tight and cuticles flat, so that the hair shines and has low porosity.

People who colour their hair will find that their colour deposits more evenly when the hair has been conditioned with ceramide-rich products prior to the service. Ceramides have also been shown to protect the hair against ultraviolet radiation from outside sun exposure.

Ceramides

Cetearyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut oil, cetearyl alcohol is used as an emulsifier and moisturiser and provides a creaminess to products.

Cetearyl Glucoside

Derived from either corn or coconut to emulsify and bind formulations together. Cetearyl glucoside is the more environmental choice as it is biodegradable and sustainable without the use of chemicals or solvents.

Cetearyl Olivate & Sorbitan Olivate

Derived from olive oil, cetearyl olivate and sorbitan olivate is a unique, natural, PEG-free emulsifier. It reduces skin water loss, has a high moisturising effect, is hypoallergenic and biomimics the skin.

Cetyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut and palm oils, cetearyl alcohol is a mixture of fatty alcohols found in plants. It is used in skin and hair care formulations to stabilise and thicken emulsions while preventing separation. It is also used as a foaming agent.

Cetyl Esters

Derived from either coconut or palm and used as a natural foaming agent in shampoos or as a moisturiser, emulsifier or thickening agent in skin creams and lotions. Waxes secreted by plants are mainly esters of fatty acids and usually have a protective function in formulations.

Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut, palm or soy, cetyl stearyl alcohol is used in hair care formulations to soften the hair fibre and provide slip and sheen.

Citric Acid

Citric acid is obtained by feeding Aspergillus sucrose or glucose (sugar) derived from corn starch. In the cosmetics industry, it is used to optimise the pH in formulations to ensure healthy skin and hair. It is also widely used in the food industry.

Cocamide MIPA

A mild, skin-friendly cleanser, derived from coconut, that effectively removes surface oil and dirt without stripping or drying sensitive skin.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Derived from coconut, cocamidopropyl betaine is a mild, non-irritating foaming agent. It is used to thicken shampoos and to reduce irritation.

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine

Derived from coconut oil and used in hair and body cleansers as a superior replacement for sulfates.

Cocos Nucifera [Coconut] Oil

Coconut oil possesses excellent antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties. It is made up of medium- chain fatty acids (MCFAs), including capric acid, caprylic acid, and the powerful lauric acid. The human body converts lauric acid to combat viruses and bacteria, making the antiviral activity of coconut oil unparalleled. A luxuriously rich moisturiser, it is ideal for both dry, damaged skin, and oily, acne-prone skin. It is loaded with vitamins and minerals, and is particularly high in vitamin E.

Cocos Nucifera [Coconut] Oil

Croton Lechleri [Dragon's Blood] Resin Extract

Dragon’s blood extract is obtained from the latex of the Croton lechleri tree. Proanthocyanidins are the main chemical constituent of dragon’s blood and possess an antioxidant power 20 times greater than vitamin E and 5 times greater than vitamin C. Proanthocyanidins promote hair follicle cell proliferation and promote hair growth.

Croton Lechleri [Dragon's Blood] Resin Extract

Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba [Guar] Gum

Guar gum is a galactomannan polysaccharide obtained by dehusking and milling the seeds of the guar bean, which look similar to green beans and are a common vegetable in India and Pakistan. Guar gum possesses thickening and stabilising properties useful in food and cosmetics formulations.


 
D

Daucus Carota [Carrot] Seed Oil

Extracted by cold pressing the seeds, carrot seed oil smooths and softens skin, and assists in cell growth and rejuvenation. Contains a high dose of vitamin A and carotene which helps heal dry, cracked skin.

Daucus Carota [Carrot] Seed Oil

Decyl Glucoside

A natural, plant-derived, mild and biodegradable non-ionic surfactant that is gentle on all hair types and used in cosmetic formulations including baby shampoo, and products for individuals with sensitive skin.

Dehydroacetic Acid & Benzyl Alcohol

An Ecocert approved, multi-use, broad spectrum preservative system that is a synergistic blend of organic acid and alcohol. Meets COSMOS standards and is NATRUE Certified—NATRUE is a non-profit organisation that provides certification guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural. NATRUE also guarantees the ingredient is Soil Association approved and not tested on animals.

Dehydroxanthan Gum

Derived from the fermentation process of glucose, sucrose or lactose, dehydroxanthan gum is used as a thickening agent in cosmetics. It outperforms artificial thickeners as it works well in humid conditions, reacts well with water and provides smoothing properties.

Disodium Laureth Sulphosuccinate

Derived from coconut, disodium laureth sulfosuccinate is a cleansing agent that is gentle to skin.

DL-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate [Vitamin E]

Vitamin E possesses superior antioxidant activity and protects skin cells from ultraviolet light, pollution and other elements that produce free radicals which damage skin by breaking down collagen and elastin, causing signs of aging. Vitamin E fights against and repairs the damage caused by these free radicals, enabling the skin’s structure to stay intact, while helping to reduce transepidermal water loss and strengthen the skin’s barrier function. Applying it directly to the body can increase levels of Vitamin E in the skin by almost ten times, giving the skin a reserve it can draw from to reduce and prevent skin damage, such as stretch marks. One of the most important benefits of Vitamin E is the prevention of skin cancer. It protects the epidermis layer of the skin from early stages of ultraviolet light damage, while providing some benefit in preventing and treating sunburn. Vitamin E regulates Vitamin A in cosmetic formulations, making this a powerful combination in skincare.

DL-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate [Vitamin E]

 
F

Fragrance

Our natural fragrance (fragrance is a term required by EU regulations) is 100 percent ECOCERT crafted in Grasse, France. Our precious botanicals are extracted using CO2 supercritical extraction. This is one of the cleanest and purest ways of obtaining extracts and actives from ingredients and eliminates the need for potentially harmful solvents such as hexane, often used in the manufacture of ‘absolute' and 'fragrance oils’. This method also produces a more alive, rich and spirited aroma.


 
G

Gluconolactone & Sodium Benzoate

Gluconolactone is derived from GE-free corn, which is used as a preservative in the food and cosmetic industry. Gluconolactone is also a natural constituent of many foods, including honey, fruit juices, wine and other fermented products. It is used as a moisturiser, antioxidant and chelant. It has excellent safety and toxicity results via comprehensive data studies and is not tested on animals.

Sodium benzoate occurs naturally in the plant world and has a long history of safe use as an effective and natural preservative in the food and personal care industry.

Glycerin

Derived from plant oils, glycerin is a humectant designed to moisturise the hair and skin by drawing moisture from the air. It forms a protective layer to ensure this moisture is locked in.

Glycerin

Glyceryl Stearate

Glyceryl stearate is made by reacting glycerin with stearic acid, a fatty acid obtained from vegetable fats and oils. Derived from vegetable or soy, it is also found naturally in the human body. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance. It easily penetrates the skin and slows loss of water by forming a barrier on the skin’s surface. It has been shown to protect skin from free-radical damage as well.

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride is a water-soluble, organic surfactant derived from guar and used in shampoo as a conditioning agent.


 
H

Helianthus Annuus [Sunflower] Seed Oil

Extracted from the seeds of the sunflower, sunflower seed oil is high in antioxidants and beta carotene, which protect and fight against free radicals. Free radicals damage the cells of the skin, causing aging, fine lines and wrinkles.

Sunflower seed oil is highly anti-inflammatory and contains compounds that protect collagen and elastin. It also contains linoleic acid which works in conjunction with omega-6 fatty acid to help in cell regeneration.

Helianthus Annuus [Sunflower] Seed Oil

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is derived via the fermentation process of wheat with a specific type of bacteria. It is then purified and precipitated to extract the hyaluronic acid naturally present in the wheat.

Hyaluronic acid is an excellent moisturiser as it acts like a “moisture magnet”. It can hold up to 1000 times its own weight in water and has the amazing ability to attract and bind water molecules, keeping collagen hydrated while plumping, softening and smoothing the skin. With age, the body’s ability to produce its own hyaluronic acid diminishes therefore topical application helps replenish the skin.

Hydrogenated Coco-glycerides

Fatty particles derived from coconuts, with lightly emulsifying properties, which improve product consistency and bind moisture to the skin's surface.

Hydrolyzed Adansonia Digitata Extract

Baobab extract is a protein extracted from the seeds of the baobab fruit. These proteins significantly increase the barrier function of the hair to protect and lock in moisture.

Hydrolyzed Adansonia Digitata Extract

Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract

Extracted from the Hibiscus esculentus (okra) seed. Hibiscus extract re-hydrates, plumps and smooths the hair fibre by generating a molecular layer of moisture (hydrophilic film) on the hair's cuticle surface, resulting in thicker, shinier, silky hair. Because Hibiscus extract contains anti-free radical properties, it restores balance in the dermal cells of dandruff sufferers.

Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Hair is 91 percent protein that under the microscope look like linked coils. These coils are what make our hair feel robust, strong and bouncy. When hair becomes damaged, these coils are weakened, leading to snapping and breakage. Hydrolyzed wheat proteins have a molecular weight that enables them to penetrate the cuticle layer to internally fortify and strengthen the hair fibre.

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

 
J

Jojoba Esters

Jojoba esters are produced through the hydrogenation or transesterification of jojoba oil. Jojoba esters are commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient, due to its remarkable similarity to the natural oils produced by the human body and its high oxidative stability. In hair care, it helps in supporting the hair's hydro-lipid barrier.


 
K

KERATRIX™ - Hydrolyzed Ceratonia Silaqua [Carob] Seed Extract, Zea Mays [Corn] Starch, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Keratrix™ is derived from the carob tree and contains biofunctional peptides and amino acids to efficiently strengthen the hair fiber. Its sustained release system allows it to remain in the hair for a prolonged action. It is a cosmetic active ingredient which increases hair resistance and elasticity, and strengthens and improves weak and dry hair. Keratrix™ repairs hair damage produced by mechanical, thermal and chemical processes.


 
L

Lactic Acid

Lactic acid is a naturally occurring, organic acid produced by the fermentation of carbohydrates such as glucose, sucrose, or lactose. It is one of the most popular alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) as it is gentle on the skin. It helps reduce acne breakouts and the appearance of wrinkles and other signs of aging.

Lauryl Glucoside & Stearyl Citrate

Lauryl glucoside is a foaming agent used in cosmetic formulations as a natural alternative to sulfates. It is naturally derived from sugar, palm and coconut oil. Stearyl citrate is derived from stearyl alcohol and citric acid. Stearyl alcohol is a naturally fatty alcohol derived from stearic acid, coconut oil or vegetable fatty acids, and is used as a conditioning agent to soothe and soften, and as an emulsifier. Citric acid is obtained by feeding Aspergillus sucrose or glucose (sugar), which subsequently converts it into a citric acid.

Leptospermum Scoparium Mel [Manuka] Honey

Highly anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory, manuka honey soothes and heals inflamed skin, making it excellent for eczema-prone skin. A potent healer, it possesses antiseptic properties and is therefore widely used in intensive care wards in the treatment of burns. The antibacterial compounds in manuka honey, called “inhibines”, continue working even after removal of the honey.

Limnanthes Alba [Meadowfoam] Seed Oil

Meadowfoam oil is extracted from the seeds of meadowfoam (Limnanthes alba) through cold pressing. Supremely high in antioxidants, it protects against free radicals—which promote early wrinkles, sagging skin and fine lines by stealing oxygen molecules from skin cells—and slows down transepidermal water loss in the skin. It is highly anti-inflammatory, reducing skin irritation to soothe blotchy red skin, making it excellent for eczema or dermatitis.

Limnanthes Alba [Meadowfoam] Seed Oil

Linum Usitatissimum [Linseed] Seed Oil

Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant.

Litchi Chinensis [Lychee] Extract

Highly moisturising, regulating and energising, lychee extract contains antioxidant free-radical scavengers to protect against ultraviolet stress from UVA and UVB rays and photo-aging. It offers overall protective activity, resulting in a brighter and more radiant complexion.

Litchi Chinensis [Lychee] Extract

Lycium Barbarum [Goji] Fruit Extract

Obtained from the fruit of the goji berry, this extract is a powerful antioxidant and also works as a skin-softening agent. A number of studies have demonstrated the antioxidant activity of goji fruit, which has the ability to capture superoxide radicals and inhibit lipid peroxidation. Lipid peroxidation is the oxidation and degradation of lipids—healthy, youthful skin has an abundance of naturally occurring lipids which protect our skin from damage.

Lycium Barbarum [Goji] Seed Oil

Goji oil is rich in polysaccharides, vitamins, and essential fatty acids, especially linoleic acid (omega 6). It protects and repairs the skin by stimulating intercellular oxygenation, helping to restore the vital balance of water and fats in the hydrolipidic film of the skin. It also assists in blood circulation.

Lycium Barbarum [Goji] Seed Oil

 
M

Macadamia Ternifolia [Macadamia] Nut Oil

Macadamia oil is easily assimilated by the skin as it contains 22 percent omega 7/palmitoleic acid, the substance found in our own natural sebum, making it one of the most skin-compatible oils for use in skincare. As the skin ages, palmitoleic acid production decreases, making skin drier and more crepey. Replenishing mature skin with this lipid helps it retain suppleness by replacing naturally occurring cell lipids, creating younger and fresher looking skin.

Macadamia Ternifolia [Macadamia] Nut Oil

Mangifera Indica [Mango] Seed Butter

Pressed from the kernels of mango fruit, mango butter is rich in proteins, fats, and vitamin B, and is an intensely lipid-rich ingredient for nourishing dry skin. It also promotes cell regeneration within the skin and possesses UV ray protection.

Mangifera Indica [Mango] Seed Butter

 
O

Oenothera Biennis [Evening Primrose] Oil

Evening primrose oil is high in omega 3s, which are key in boosting cell turnover, are anti-inflammatory and skin softening. It is also rich in vitamin E, making it effective in reducing moisture loss and promoting cell regeneration. A superb emollient and skin nutrient, it is also high in essential fatty acids and extremely beneficial in the treatment of of eczema and other dry skin and scalp conditions.

Oenothera Biennis [Evening Primrose] Oil

Olea Europaea [Olive] Fruit Oil

Olive oil contains 25 different natural anti-oxidants, some being high in vitamin E, A, and K, fatty acids (oleic, palmitic, and linoleic) and antioxidant flavonoids. Scientific tests have shown that these anti-oxidants not only attack and destroy harmful free radicals that age the skin but also have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.

The most potent compound found in olive oil is hydroxytyrosol, which contains a high concentration of anti-inflammatory properties, making it suitable for even the most sensitive skin types, including babies and those with chronic skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Omegas

Omegas (EFAs) are vital fats that are part of every cell in the body. They are the necessary lipidic component of our skin because they maintain moisture, softness and elasticity while providing a protective barrier against disease-causing organisms and harmful bacteria. The body's normal secretion of EFAs decreases with age, leaving skin dry and crepey. We need to ensure that we feed our skin with the correct balance and amount of omegas 3, 6, 7 and 9 to help keep it soft, supple and plump. When topically applied, omegas are readily absorbed into the epidermal and dermal tissue layers providing moisture, hydration, elasticity, skin smoothness, wrinkle reduction and relief from irritation and redness caused by UV exposure. Omegas also help combat inflammatory disorders. The skin of a normal, healthy 20-year-old has a balance of 50% water and 50% fat. Thus, while omegas are essential for healthy skin, the best skin care requires a balance of oil and water to maintain healthy function.

Omegas are fatty acids that the body requires for good health because they moisturise internally and help with the uptake of other essential vitamins and minerals. It is important to note that the body does not manufacture these fatty acids; therefore, they must be included in the diet. Only two fatty acids are known to be essential for humans: alpha-linolenic acid (an omega 3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega 6 fatty acid).

Omega 3: Helps to boost natural cell turnover and regulates cell hydration. As we get older, our skin loses that ‘fresh faced’ look because of its inability to renew quickly. Omega 3 has long been known to have hydrating, anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant properties. Applied topically, it is considered to be effective in the treatment of psoriasis and acne.

Omega 6: Maintains healthy skin, hair and nails, and generally helps to bring about hormonal and emotional balance. Omega 6 has a pro-inflammatory effect, while omega 3 has a non-inflammatory effect. For optimal results we need to have a balanced ratio of omega 6 and omega 3.

Omega 7: The rarest of all omegas. Macadamia nut oil contains one of the highest amounts of palmitoleic acid (omega 7) of any plant. Palmitoleic acid is a substance found in the skin’s natural oil (called sebum). As our skin ages, the amount of palmitoleic acid decreases making the skin dry and crepey. Omega 7 helps mature skin retain its suppleness and replaces naturally occurring cell lipids to create younger and fresher looking skin.

Omega 9: Has a high lipid count making it an excellent moisturiser without leaving skin greasy. Omega 9 (oleic acid) is able to penetrate past the outer layer of the skin, leading to a more intense and longer lasting nourishment while enhancing the skin's ability to absorb active ingredients. It is widely used as a delivery system in topical medicines.


 
P

Panax [Ginseng] Root Extract

Ginseng extract contains a large number of phytonutrients that stimulate and activate the skin’s metabolism and blood flow to regenerate and tone. Ginseng also possesses adaptogenic properties, which help the body adapt to stress from both internal and external sources. Adaptogens raise resistance to physical, chemical or biological stresses and boost cell recovery, thereby normalising the body’s physiological state.

Panax [Ginseng] Root Extract

Panthenol [Provitamin B5]

Panthenol is an active form of vitamin B formulated in high concentrations. An excellent emollient, it binds to the hair shaft by creating a light hermetic seal on the surface of the hair, lubricating the hair shaft and giving lustre and shine. It also reduces the formation of split ends.

Vitamin B is a highly skin-compatible vitamin as it is readily absorbed, helping to repair the cutaneous barrier, improve hydration and softness, and reduce roughness. It soothes irritated skin and encourages healing. Vitamin B also has the ability to effectively attract and hold water in the hair and skin.

Panthenol [Provitamin B5]

Persea Gratissima [Avocado] Oil

Avocado oil, made from pressing the seed of the avocado fruit, is rich in phospholipids, vitamins/anti-oxidants (A, B1, B2, B5, D and E), minerals (such as the youth-mineral potassium), essential fatty acids (22 percent oleic acid/ omega 9), and fruit acids (alpha hydroxy). This exceptionally light, natural oil possesses healing properties and is renowned for its ability to quickly penetrate the outer layers of skin and rehydrate without leaving a greasy residue. In a study done at the Department of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in 1991, it was found that avocado oil significantly increases the amount of collagen in the skin, which normally decreases as we grow older. Compared with almond, corn, olive, and soybean oils, avocado oil has the highest skin penetration rate (Swisher, 1988). Of all the fruits, avocado oil contains the highest amount of sterolins—a protein proven to reduce the appearance of age spots, scars and sun damage—making it an ideal ingredient in skin moisturisers. Among eight plant oils, avocado oil proved the most effective sunscreen (Swisher, 1988). Found in all Sans [ceuticals] Hydratants, avocado oil restores health and shine to mistreated and dry hair due to its high vitamin and essential fatty acid content.

Persea Gratissima [Avocado] Oil

Polyglyceryl-2 Caprate

Derived from glycerin and fatty acids, polyglyceryl-2 caprate is commonly used as an emulsifier in cosmetics and also possesses activity against gram-positive bacteria. Scores a ‘low hazard’ 1 out of 10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database—a US, non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.

Polyglyceryl-2 Sesquioleate

Obtained through condensation of plant derived glyceryl and oleic acid, polyglyceryl-2 sesquioleate is used in cosmetic formulations as an emulsifier and is widely used in the food industry. It is Ecocert certified and scores a ‘low hazard’ 1 out of 10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database—a US, non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.

Polysorbate 80

Derived from polyethoxylated sorbitan and oleic acid, polysorbate 80 is used in medicines, food and cosmetics as an emulsifier to bind ingredients together. Oleic acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in vegetable fats and oils, while polyethoxylated sorbitan is a derivative of sorbitol, derived from glucose.

Potassium Sorbate

Discovered by the French in the 1850s and derived from the berries of the mountain ash tree, potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid. It is primarily used as a food preservative to inhibit moulds and yeasts in many foods, such as cheese, wine, yogurt, dried meats and apple cider.

Propolis

A resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva, beeswax and plant sap. Multiple academic studies have shown propolis to be highly anti-microbial, anti-viral and anti-inflammatory; propolis in skincare works on healing and calming the skin.

Propolis

Prunus Armeniaca [Apricot] Kernel Oil

Apricot oil is extracted by pressing the kernels from the apricot stone. This fine and delicate oil is highly emollient and anti-inflammatory. It is also rich in vitamin K, a compound believed to help balance and clarify skin tone by binding to pigment and carrying it out of the cells. This reduction of pigment may help lighten age spots, minimise the appearance of freckles or blemishes, and lighten dark under-eye circles.

Prunus Armeniaca [Apricot] Kernel Oil

 
R

Retinyl Palmitate [Vitamin A]

Vitamin A is a DNA regulator which spurs on collagen and elastin production and maintains pigment control. It stimulates cell renewal and skin repair, increases skin thickness, improves elasticity, is an exfoliant by increasing cellular turnover and can be utilised as an effective acne treatment. It also improves skin texture and tone and decreases enlarged pores. Studies show that topically applied retinyl palmitate reverses certain aspects of skin aging. There is a lot of marketing hype about the ideal form of vitamin A in skincare formulations. Retinyl palmitate is the most important form of vitamin A; more than 80 percent of the vitamin A normally found in the skin is retinyl palmitate. It is also the mildest form, producing the least dryness and irritation of the skin.

In hair care, Vitamin A normalises cellular function and is therefore ideal for promoting a healthy scalp.

Retinyl Palmitate [Vitamin A]

Ribes Nigrum [Black Currant] Fruit Extract

Used in our skincare as a natural colourant.

Ricinus Communis [Castor] Seed Oil 

Obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant, castor oil is a thick, viscous oil whose main fatty acid is ricinoleic acid. It is used in cosmetics as an emollient. The antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of castor oil make it useful in reducing acne, while ricinoleic acid can inhibit the growth of the bacteria that cause it. It can also be used to protect burns and wounds from infection.

Ricinus Communis [Castor] Seed Oil 

Rosmarinus Officinalis [Rosemary] Leaf Extract 

This powerful herb has superior antioxidant strength, making it a favourite in the preservation of food and cosmetics. Rosemary extract is used to slow microbial growth on food and prevents oxidation of oils in skin care formulations.


 
S

Saccharide Isomerate & Sodium Citrate [PENTAVITIN®]

Derived from wheat and 100% natural with NATRUE certification—a non-profit organisation that provides certification guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural. NATRUE also guarantees the ingredient is Soil Association approved and not tested on animals. Both ECOCERT approved and preservative free, PENTAVITIN® is a unique active ingredient that repairs the scalp barrier, soothes irritation and provides deep hydration.

Saccharum Officianarium [Sugar Cane]

These finely-ground sugar granules, derived from the sugar cane plant, assist in gentle mechanical exfoliation. Sugar is also a natural humectant, drawing in moisture from the environment to hydrate and moisturise.

Saccharum Officianarium [Sugar Cane]

Silica

Silica is a mineral found naturally in sandstone, clay, and granite, as well as parts of plants. Silica gel is edible and widely used in the pharmaceutical industry to “bulk out” medications and supplements. Silica gel is a high performance abrasive that is most commonly used in toothpastes because it appears to be the safest and most effective abrasive available. It is also used to create a gentle exfoliating action in cleansers, micro peels and micro dermabrasion. The ingredient of choice in mechanical exfoliators, its small micron size eliminates the danger of over exfoliation or capillary damage in skin.

Simmondsia Chinensis [Jojoba] Seed Oil

Jojoba oil is derived from the seeds of a desert shrub native to Southern Arizona, Southern California, and Northwestern Mexico. Jojoba oil has excellent absorbency and skin compatibility. It is utilised by our cells more readily due to the fact it closely resembles our own natural sebum. It also possesses anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.

Simmondsia Chinensis [Jojoba] Seed Oil

Sodium Hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide is derived from salt water [brine] and manufactured by electrolysis. It is used in minute amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.

Sodium Lauroyl Methyl Isethionate

Sodium lauroyl methyl isethionate is a water soluble, coconut derived, surfactant that also happens to be sulfate-free. Not to be confused with similar sounding sodium lauryl sulfate, this ingredient is an incredibly mild surfactant and is considered to be one of the safest on the market.

Squalane [Olive] Fruit Oil

The molecular composition of squalane oil is so fine it is immediately absorbed deep into the dermal layers of the skin, without any oily residue. Olive squalane is a pure, botanically derived squalane produced by hydrogenation of the squalene source in olive oil. It is a non-animal alternative to shark-derived squalane.

Squalane [Olive] Fruit Oil

Sugar Cane Extract

Restores the hair fibre’s natural pH balance and smoothes the cuticle structure, producing a glossy surface similar to virgin hair.

Sugar Cane Extract

Superoxide Dismutase

Found in both the dermis and the epidermis, and key to the production of healthy skin building cells, superoxide dismutase is arguably the body’s most crucial antioxidant. It is engineered using biotechnology by feeding live yeast cells copper and zinc. This makes the enzymes exceptionally active and responsible for neutralising free radicals. Once cultured, the protein fraction of the cell extract containing superoxide dismutase is isolated and made into a concentrated form for special use in cosmecueticals. In its topical form, it may help to reduce facial wrinkles, scar tissue, heal wounds and burns, lighten dark or hyper-pigmentation, protect against harmful UV rays, and guard hair colour against solar damage.


 
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Terminalia Ferdinandiana [Kakadu] Plum Fruit Extract

Extracted from the Kadaku plum. Native to Northern Australia, the Kakadu plum has been identified as the fruit with the world’s highest vitamin C content, with up to 100 times more than an orange. Due to this high vitamin C content, Kadaku plum extract possesses good skin brightening capabilities. It also contains large amounts of polyphenols. The Kakadu plum’s extraordinary antioxidant composition means it is classified as a superfruit.

Theobroma Cacao [Cocoa] Fruit Powder

Used in our skincare as a natural colourant.

Theobroma Cacao [Cocoa] Butter 

Obtained by pressing the seeds of the cacao tree, cocoa butter is a creamy-coloured, edible vegetable fat. Raw cacao has over 40 times the antioxidants of blueberries. It is excellent in slowing the loss of moisture from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin's surface. It is also high in palmitoleic acid, a potent antioxidant known to support healthy cell membranes, hydrate the skin and support skin healing.

Theobroma Cacao [Cocoa] Butter 

Tocopherol [Vitamin E]

Vitamin E possesses superior antioxidant activity and protects skin cells from ultraviolet light, pollution and other elements that produce free radicals which damage skin by breaking down collagen and elastin, causing signs of aging. Vitamin E fights against and repairs the damage caused by these free radicals, enabling the skin’s structure to stay intact, while helping to reduce transepidermal water loss and strengthen the skin’s barrier function. Applying it directly to the body can increase levels of Vitamin E in the skin by almost ten times, giving the skin a reserve it can draw from to reduce and prevent skin damage, such as stretch marks. One of the most important benefits of Vitamin E is the prevention of skin cancer. It protects the epidermis layer of the skin from early stages of ultraviolet light damage, while providing some benefit in preventing and treating sunburn. Vitamin E regulates Vitamin A in cosmetic formulations, making this a powerful combination in skincare.

Tocopherol [Vitamin E]

Trisodium Ethylenediamine Disuccinate

Winner of the UK Green Technology design award, this new generation preservative is fully biodegradable and a new, environmentally friendly alternative on the natural-care market. Scores a ‘low hazard’ 1 out of 10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database—a US, non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.


 
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Vitamin B

Skin: A highly skin compatible vitamin as it is readily absorbed, helping to repair the cutaneous barrier, improve hydration and softness, and reduce roughness. Soothes irritated skin and encourages healing. Vitamin B has the ability to attract and hold water in the hair and skin very effectively.

Hair: An active form of vitamin B formulated in high concentrations. An excellent emollient, it binds to the hair shaft by creating a light hermetic seal on the surface of the hair, lubricating the hair shaft and giving lustre and shine. It also reduces the formation of split ends. Brighten and create shine in your hair by using vitamin B-rich Sans [ceuticals] pH & Shine Corrector.

Vitamin B

Vitella Paradoxa [Shea Butter]

Derived from pressing the shea butter nut, shea butter is rich in vitamins A, E, and F. It is ultra hydrating, anti-inflammatory, and soothing for irritated skin. Shea butter also naturally absorbs UVB rays to help protect skin from the sun.

Vitella Paradoxa [Shea Butter]

 
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Xanthan Gum

A highly molecular polysaccharide gum used as a thickener in foods and cosmetics. It is fermented from glucose.


 
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Zea Mays [Corn] Starch

A starch obtained from corn and used in skin and haircare formulations to increase absorbency, viscosity and provide skin protection.

Zea Mays [Corn] Starch

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